One of the innovative methods manifested nowadays for maintaining or modifying the aging skin is Dermal filler. Dermal fillers offer you a rejuvenated appearance and enhance aesthetic improvements which previously were only achievable with surgeries. Dermal filler is an injectable gel-like substance injected beneath your skin to effectively reduce the visible signs of aging skin. Dermal fillers are FDA-approved and used to create a fuller appearance in the face by restoring the lost volume, smoothing lines, softening the creases, and enhancing the facial contours. It is a radical option available at a lower cost and has limited-to-no recovery time.
A wide variety of Dermal filler types are currently available with seemingly optimal results for cosmetic and medical purposes. There are several methods of categorizing dermal fillers based on their period of effect, biodegradability, and their dermal filler ingredients.
The classification of dermal filler types into temporary, semi-permanent, or permanent depends on the length of time they remain in the tissue and the duration of their effect. Although the main use of dermal filler in dermatology is facial rejuvenation, different dermal filler types being the “latest and greatest” products also have their pros and cons. A detailed breakdown of this classification is given in the below section.
Temporary Dermal Fillers
Temporary dermal fillers are the type often used for cosmetic purposes. This is mainly because they are naturally occurring substances, and the ease of application of these dermal filler types offers their excellent results and their safety profile.
Collagen-Based Dermal Filler:
The collagen present in your skin can maintain the smoothness and firmness of facial appearance. After a certain period, your skin stops producing collagen which then degrades with time. Thus, you start losing your glowing and youthful appearance with aging skin.
Collagen-based dermal fillers are made of purified collagen which is a naturally occurring protein and offers strength and structure to the skin. They work by boosting the body’s natural collagen production in target areas where it has been decreasing over time. This stimulates collagen production restores and strengthens the skin structure and gives you a natural fullness.
- Collagen-based dermal fillers are Less viscous.
- They are an effective contouring agent and can almost be used anywhere to reduce scars and also plump your lips.
- These filters will take effect almost immediately with visible results. They are more useful for correcting fine lines and wrinkles.
- Less likely to produce any irregularities with no downtime.
- Long-lasting benefits as along with getting absorbed in your body it also supplements it in producing own new and healthy collagen.
- Limited longevity, lasts up to 3 months
- Possible risks include infection or allergic reaction.
Hyaluronic Acid-Based Dermal Filler:
The naturally occurring Hyaluronic Acid (HA) resists degradation and dullness of the skin by keeping it plump. HA dermal fillers are considered the primary choice for wrinkles and volume replacement. These fillers effectively keep your aging skin hydrated by trapping water molecules beneath the skin surface which then increases the moisture and provides elasticity.
- No possibility of allergic reaction or body rejection.
- Minimal risk of complications, chances of common side effects including swelling, redness, or bruising.
- Immediate results
- Last longer than collagen-based dermal fillers. 6-18 months.
- Diminished lines, wrinkles, acne scars and act as a shield against pollution and other free radicals.
- Might be visible as tiny bumps if not injected thoroughly or deeply.
- Less effective for treating the very large area for volume correction.
Calcium Hydroxylapatite Dermal Filler:
Calcium Hydroxylapatite dermal filler type is in the form of smooth get having suspended microscopic calcium particles. It is used to stimulate natural collagen production and is used for deeper lines and wrinkles. For lip augmentation, this filler is not recommended. It has a direct volumizing effect on aging skin.
- The lower volume of this filler works for the same area as compared to HA.
- There are little to no side effects with the promise of a very natural result and also has one of the longest safety records.
- Long-lasting, exceeding the longevity of HA fillers 12 months or beyond
- This filler is biocompatible and eventually biodegradable.
- Injecting into the lips will cause clumping, lumping, and nodules.
- Cost is its significant downside
Semi-Permanent Dermal Fillers
Poly-L-lactic acid Dermal Filler
Poly-L-lactic acid (PLA) is not a naturally occurring substance, but this does not take away its effectiveness and is a biodegradable synthetic substance. This dermal filler type contributes to stimulating your own body to create even more collagen which being bodybuilding protein eliminates facial lines, maintains the freshness and elasticity of your skin.
- It is an effective volume filler to correct the imperfections and give more natural-looking results.
- It can address nasolabial (between the nose and the upper lip) folds of varying depth and treat deeper facial wrinkles.
- Its effect may last up to 2 years (18-24 months).
- The effect of PLA dermal filler is not as fast as other dermal filler types. The results achieved as new glowing skin by this dermal filler are apparent over time.
- May require multiple sessions of treatment.
- PLA is a foreign substance and carries risks like body rejection, reactions, swelling or bruising.
Permanent Dermal Fillers
Polymethyl-methacrylate microspheres (PMMA) Dermal Filler
Polymethyl-methacrylate dermal filler type is a nonbiodegradable synthetic filler not absorbed by the body. These fillers are microspheres containing collagen that provides continued support to the skin by residing beneath the skin. These dermal fillers depend on injection techniques and the selection of the placement of the product.
- The results obtained from this dermal filler type have significantly more anti-aging effects as these effects are permanent.
- PMMA does not break down and prevents aging skin.
- The natural stimulation of collagen boost is individual-based.
- The potential of overfilling if not done by a qualified cosmetic surgeon.
- Is only recommended for thick-skin areas including nasolabial folds and furrows and not for areas around the eyes or lips.
- Numerous injections are needed for filling in the volume.
- Possible allergic reactions.
- Requires a minimum of 3 months to show results.